An Overview of the Appraisal Process
One's home purchase
the most significant
It doesn't matter if it's
a main residence,
an additional vacation property or
a rental fixer upper, purchasing real property is
an involved transaction that requires multiple parties to see it through.
||To learn more about appraising, click here to see a short video or call us today to talk about your specific property.
The majority of the people involved are very familiar.
The most familiar entity in the transaction is the real estate agent.
Then, the lender provides the financial capital necessary to fund the deal.
The title company ensures all aspects of the transaction are completed and that a clear title transfers from the seller to the purchaser is the title company.
So what party is responsible for making sure the value of the property is in line with the amount being paid?
This is where you meet the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer might expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Maryland licensed appraiser from The Paragon Group will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Inspecting the subject property
To determine the true status of the property, it's our duty to first conduct a thorough inspection.
We must actually see features, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they really are there and are in the shape a typical buyer would expect them to be.
To make sure the stated size of the property has not been misrepresented and describe the layout of the property, the inspection often includes creating a sketch of the floor plan.
Most importantly, the appraiser identifies any obvious amenities - or defects - that would affect the value of the house.
Next, after the inspection, we use two or three approaches to determining the value of real property:
a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
This is where we pull information on local construction costs, labor rates and other elements to determine how much it would cost to build a property comparable to the one being appraised. This estimate often sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. The cost approach is also the least used predictor of value.
Analyzing Comparable Sales
Appraisers get to know the communities in which they work.
They innately understand the value of specific features to the homeowners of that area.
Then, the appraiser researches recent sales in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the real estate being appraised. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as
remodeled rooms, types of flooring, energy efficient items, patios and porches, or extra storage space, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject.
If, for example, the comparable property has a fireplace and the subject does not, the appraiser may subtract the value of a fireplace from the sales price of the comparable home.
In the case where the subject has something such as an extra half bath that a comparable doesn't have, the appraiser might add the value of that bath to the comparable property.
After all differences have been accounted for, the appraiser reconciles the adjusted sales prices of all the comps and then derives an opinion of what the subject could sell for.
At The Paragon Group, we are experts in knowing the worth of particular items in Elkton and Cecil County neighborhoods.
The sales comparison approach to value is most often given the most consideration when an appraisal is for a real estate sale.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
A third way of valuing approach to value is sometimes employed when a neighborhood has a measurable number of renter occupied properties.
In this situation, the amount of revenue the property generates is factored in with income produced by comparable properties to derive the current value.
Examining the data from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to stipulate an estimated market value for the property in question.
The estimate of value at the bottom of the appraisal report is not necessarily what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of a property's value
There are always mitigating factors such as seller motivation, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust an offer or listing price up or down.
But the appraised value is often used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property is actually worth.
It all comes down to this: An appraiser from The Paragon Group will guarantee you discover the most accurate property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.
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